Curriculum Vitae
Honors
Sigma Xi: Associate Member, 1980; Full Member 1984.
Saint Xavier University, Excellence in Scholarship Award: 1997, 2001
Saint Xavier University, Scholar/Teacher Award: 2001

Society Memberships
American Association of the Advancement of Science
American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists
Herpetologist’s League
J.B. Johnson Society
Society for Behavioral Neuroscience
Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles
Society for Neuroscience

Professional Activities
Chair:	Department of Science, Saint Xavier University, 1995-1998, 2001-
Faculty Sponsor: SXU Chapter, Beta Beta Beta Biological Honor Society, 1994-2000
SXU Liaison: St. Louis University Reis Biological Field Station Consortium, 1993-
Reviewer: Copiea, Herpetologica, Herpetological Natural History, Hormones and Behavior, Journal 
of Herpetology
Membership Secretary: Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, 1988-1991
Translations Secretary: Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, 1991-2000
Chair: Division of Herpetology, Missouri Academy of Science, 1983-1984
President: Saint Louis Herpetological Society, 1975-1978

Teaching Experience
1974-77:	Biology Teacher, Lindbergh High School, 4900 S. Lindbergh Blvd., Saint Louis, MO.
1978-80 and 
1981-84:	Graduate Teaching Assistant, Department of Biology, Saint Louis University.
1980-81:	Supervisor/Instructor of Histology, Department of Anatomy, Saint Louis School of 
                Medicine.
1991-92:	Adjunct Assistant Professor, Department of Biology, University of Southern 
Indiana.
1992-95:	Assistant Professor of Biology, Saint Xavier University
1995-	        Associate Professor of Biology, Saint Xavier University

Courses:	Major-
Human Physiology
Comparative Physiology
Developmental Biology
Histology
Histotechniques
Hormones and Behavior (cross-listed with Psychology)
Bioethics

Support Courses-
Human Biology
Principles and Methods of Biology
Bioethics

	Director:	Undergraduate Research Program in Biology

Research Experience
1977-78:	Research Assistant, Institute for Molecular Virology, Saint Louis University 
School of Medicine

1984-87:	Postdoctoral trainee, NICHHD grant T-32-HDO7264.  “Regulatory Factors in 
Vertebrate Reproduction”.  Institute of Reproductive Biology, Department of Zoology, The 
University of Texas at Austin

1987-89:	Postdoctoral Research Associate. “Behavioral Neuroendocrinology” Department of 
Biology, Boston University.

1999-00:	Research Sabbatical, Laboratory of Biochemistry, Behavioral Neuroendocrinology 
Group, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium

Grants
1983:	Innovative Research of America.  Research Grant for Junior Investigators. $1000
1983:  	Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society.  Grants in aid of Research. $1500
1984:  	Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society.  Grants in Aid of Research.  $1000
1993:  	Course and Laboratory Development Grant.  Submitted to various Chicago area businesses 
and Foundations.  Funds/equipment received to date, approximately $40,000
1994:  	Saint Xavier University, Center for Educational Practice, Small Projects Grants.  
“Undergraduate Research in Biology”.  1994-present, approximately $10,000
1998:  	“Steroid Hormone Aromatization and its Role in the Reproductive Biology of the Red-Sided 
Garter Snake, Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis”.  NSF Research Opportunity Award.  Summer 1998, 
$18,000.
1999:  	Nalco Foundation Science Equipment Grant.  “Laboratory Computer Support”.  $7000

Research Skills
Steroid radioimmunoassay
Aromatase assay
Histotechniques (light and electron microscopy; paraffin and frozen sectioning; 
                 immunocytochemistry and histochemistry)
General and neural surgical techniques
Microscopic analysis 
Statistical analysis
Field and laboratory behavioral analysis
Field analysis
	-mark-recapture
	-radiotelemetry

Research Interests
Reproductive physiology and behavior
Neuroendocrine control of reproductive behavior
Physiological ecology of seasonal reproductive strategies

Current Research
Neuroendocrine control of courtship behavior in the red-sided garter snake: examining the role of
sex hormones and environmental factors critical for the “organization/set-up” of neural pathways
controlling courtship behavior in a species exhibiting a dissociated reproductive pattern.

•Aromatase activity in the neural tissues of the red-sided garter snake during the active
 	season and low temperature dormancy.  Collaboration with R. Mason, Oregon State University
•Sexual dimorphism of specific brain nuclei in the red-sided garter snake: a field and 
	laboratory examination of endocrine and environmental factors.
•Distribution of the aromatase enzyme in the forebrain of the male red-sided garter snake 
	during the active season and low temperature dormancy by immunocytochemical labeling.
•Distribution of nitric oxide synthase in the forebrain of the male red-sided garter 
	snake during the active season and low temperature dormancy by immunocytochemical labeling.
•Distribution of estrogen receptors in the forebrain of the male red-sided garter snake 
	during the active season and low temperature dormancy by immunocytochemical labeling.
•Distribution of dopamine receptors in the forebrain of the male red-sided garter snake 
	during the active season and low temperature dormancy by immunocytochemical labeling.
•Does estrogen, aromatized from testosterone in the brain during low temperature dormancy,
 	regulate courtship behavior in the male red-sided garter snake?  
•A time course examination of c-FOS activity in the brain and spinal cord of the female
	red-sided garter snake following mating.
•Distribution of aromatase, NADPH-diaphorase and nitric oxide synthase in the brain of 
	the big brown bat by immunocytochemical labeling.  Examination of an additional model system 
	displaying the dissociated reproductive pattern.  Collaboration with M. Mendonca, Auburn 
	University
•Aromatase activity in the fetal and neonatal red-sided garter snake brain.  Analysis of 
	sexual dimorphism, intrauterine position and androgen manipulation.  Collaboration with R. Mason,
	Oregon State University

Invited Seminars
“Redefining the dissociated reproductive pattern of the red-sided garter snake” Northern 
Illinois University, Department of Biology.  March 1999.

“Aromatase activity in the brain of the red-sided garter snake: Do estrogens regulate courtship 
behavior” Department of Zoology, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium.  March 2000.

“Aromatase activity in the brain of the red-sided garter snake: Examination of the role of 
estrogen in the control of courtship behavior” Department of Psychology, University of Maastrich, 
Maastrich, Holland.  April 2000.

Sabbatical Research 
Conducted in the lab of Dr. Jacques Balthazart, University of Liege, Center for Cellular and 
Molecular Neurobiology, Research Group in Behavioral Neuroendocrinology, Liege, Belgium

During six months at the University of Liege, I conducted several neuroendocrine and behavioral 
studies on the resident lab animal, the Japanese quail.  In association with Dr. G.C. Panzica 
of the University of Torino (Italy) we investigated the relationship between aromatase 
immunoreactive neurons and nitric oxide synthase using immunocytochemical labeling for ARO 
and NOS or NADPH-diaphorase immunochemistry.  In addition, I was able to develop 
immunocytochemical techniques to label both the aromatase enzyme and nitric oxide synthase in 
the brain and spinal cord of the red-sided garter snake.

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